I’ve never been one who holds to a particular creed or confession and often question those who seem to esteem them on the same level as Scripture, but I have found value in being able to succinctly and directly communicate what one believes. While reading through the 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith I found the following declarations applicable to what we’ve been discussing here recently. I’ve underlined several of the key phrases that help define the substitutionary nature of Christ’s atonement.
From Article 8. Christ the Mediator
4. This office and duty of Mediator and Surety the Lord Jesus undertook most willingly. To discharge it, He was made under the law, and perfectly fulfilled it, and He underwent the punishment due to us, which we should have borne and suffered. He was made sin and was made a curse for us; enduring the most grevous sorrows in His Soul with the most painful sufferings in His duty. He was crucified, and died, and remained in the state of the dead, but His body did not undergo any decomposition. On the third day He rose from the dead with the same body in which He had suffered, with which He also ascended into Heaven, and there sits at the right hand of His Father making intercession, and shall return to judge men and angels at the end of the world.
5. The Lord Jesus, by His perfect obedience and sacrifice of Himself which He, through the eternal Spirit, once offered up to God, has fully satisfied the justice of God, has procured reconciliation, and has purchased an everlasting inheritance in the kingdom of Heaven for all those whom the Father has given to Him.