Well that was lucky!
Take a chance!
It’s all happenstance.
Common phrases and idioms like these have come to be expected in the English language. We throw them around with such frequency that we rarely pause to give them a second thought. I’ve found myself from time to time offering someone good luck, just by way of ending a conversation when they’ve shared a particular upcoming challenge, i.e. “I have an exam today. RESPONSE: Good Luck!” In fact just this week I found myself saying good luck and another person wishing me good luck within 30 minutes of each other.
Is there really such a thing as luck, chance, or happenstance? Think about it for a minute. If we truly believed in luck or chance then we would essentially be giving ourselves over to atheism, or the belief that there is no God. Why? Because, if there is a God (and there is), then by very definition He must be in charge, a term we call sovereignty.
Because He is God and Sovereign, then there cannot be anything outside of His control or rule, i.e. luck, chance, or happenstance. Therefore we say He must also be providential. God is both sovereign and providential, while the terms are related, they may be examined distinctly. These are not simply man-made theological terms, but are derived from Scripture where God is described as such. (Sovereignty – 1 Timothy 6:15; Romans 9:19-21; Providence – Psalm 135:6; Isaiah 46:10)
Interestingly, both of these theological terms, as they relate to God, are abundant in the book of Genesis (if you are doing a yearly reading plan, be on the lookout!). Since we now know that sovereignty refers to God’s reign and this reign is rooted in God’s role as Creator, then we can better understand that God has the right to exercise His authority in exiling Adam and Eve from the Garden for their disobedience of His command. The very fact that they chose to sin convicts them of being guilty of denying God’s sovereignty.
Additionally, we should not have any qualms with how God chooses to mete out His justice on the entirety of His creation, save Noah and his family along with a selection of animals, when He administers the global flood. God’s sovereignty is the answer to the objections that a global flood is unfair or unjust. Is not God sovereign over His creation? Then He is therefore just in His dealing with sinful mankind how He sees fit.
A third and final example of God’s sovereignty, particularly as it relates to the early chapters of Genesis, occurs in Genesis 10 and the episode of the Tower of Babel. The goal of the people building this ancient ziggurat was to show off their expertise or pride (let us make a name for ourselves) by building a stairway to heaven in order to usurp the authority of God. In a sense it is the repetition of the sin committed in Eden.
Related, is God’s providence, or how He exercises the rule of His reign. This is often apparent in two ways in Scripture, the first is explicit and the second is implicit or underlying in the passage of Scripture. We may ask, apart from providence, how can we be certain that the promise of the woman’s seed (Christ) will be born, survive, and accomplish God’s mission of redemption? Clearly then, the providence of God is implied in the accomplishment of crushing the head of the serpent by the heel of the promised seed. See also The Gospel Hope of Eve.
Another evidence of God’s providence in the early chapters of Genesis is seen more explicitly through the birth narratives of the Patriarchs that speak of the barrenness of Sarah, Rebekah, Leah and Rachel. Familiarity with Abraham and Sarah reminds us that they were both beyond child-bearing years, yet God providentially orchestrated the birth of Isaac through whom the promised seed (Gen. 3:15) would come. But we have similar accounts of providence over progeny with Isaac and his wife Rebekah (Gen. 25:21) and their son Jacob with both of his wives Leah and Rachel (Gen. 29:31; 30:2, 9, 17, 19-20, 22-24). For more on God’s providence see The Providence of God in the Life of Joseph.
Reading Scripture with an eye towards the attributes of God, notably His Sovereignty and His Providence transforms rote reading by essentially setting the mind toward meditation on Scripture. In these brief examples we’ve seen how meditating on these two glorious attributes of God serves as a polemic against notions of luck, chance, or happenstance. Perhaps in the future, we’ll now be better equipped to offer more biblical phrases such as Grace and Peace to you, or the antiquated but rather biblical, Godspeed!