Tag Archives: Apostasy

The Finality of Apostasy


Having now worked meticulously through the experiential descriptions from the warning passage in Hebrews 6, we turn our attention to the consequence which began with the introduction, “For it is impossible” back in verse 4. Before we reach the conclusion of that statement we must address the last descriptor in this warning, “and have fallen away.”

The word for fallen away, parapipto, is used only here in the New Testament and conveys the idea of slipping away, synonymous with what we would term apostasy. Though unique in its use, it is similar in thought to Heb. 2:1, “Therefore we must pay closer attention to what we have heard, lest we drift away from it.” Likewise, we read of a similar warning of apostasy in 3:12, “take care, brothers, lest there be in any of you an evil, unbelieving heart, leading you to fall away from the living God”. Additionally, this general sentiment is conveyed in Heb. 3:17; 4:1; Heb. 4:6; Heb. 4:11; Heb. 10:28; Heb. 12:1. Those similarities mentioned, it may also be noted that falling or drifting away is the opposite of holding fast, as in Heb. 3:1 “hold fast our original confidence firm to the end”; 4:14; 6:18; 10:23. Those who have shared in all the experiences discussed in verses 4-6 may now add the description, “and have fallen away” to their resume. As a side note, the action being described here is not conditional, as in the faulty NIV translation that inserts “if” before falling away. Instead it is a statement of fact emphatically sealed with the word “impossible”, which shows up again with emphasis in 6:18, “it is impossible for God to lie.”

With this in mind, we move to the concluding statement of the warning, “for it is impossible…to renew them again to repentance”. If one takes the interpretation that has been argued against, namely that the loss of salvation is in view here, then you must conclude that if it is lost, it can never be regained. It is apostasy unto the end. To be clear, backsliding is not in view here. Though one may offer a convincing argument that hardening from sin, sluggishness, dull of hearing, may well be synonyms for backsliding and certainly place one on the path for potential apostasy, the warning here is more ultimate. It is a total renunciation of the person and work of Christ after having been exposed to the truths regarding Him, externally receiving the blessings of association with the New Covenant community, and then making a complete and outright rejection in its entirety.  It certainly does not have to be expressed verbally, though naturally out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks.

This rejection is not akin to Peter’s denial of Christ on 3 separate occasions (because he returned!), but finds its human parallel in Judas. Though their situation may in some ways be similar, Judas had a worldly sorrow for his actions, as did Esau in Heb. 12:17, but his repentance was not genuine. If Judas’ repentance had been genuine, he would not have committed suicide, but would have rejoined the disciples for the cause of Christ. The selfishness of his actions following on the heels of his betrayal indicates that his was an apostasy unto the end of his life (1 John 5:16; see also John 17:12). It has been said of those who commit this apostasy that it would have been better if they were never born (Matt. 26:24). They are the hidden reefs, waterless clouds, fruitless trees, wild waves of the sea, and wandering stars of Jude 12-13. Their rejection of Christ is proof that they were never children of God, but were children of the devil all along.

At this point it is fair to ask if it is impossible to renew them again to repentance, doesn’t that mean that they were originally in a state of repentance, i.e. saved. Again we can see that importing one’s own meaning of terms and theological concepts into a passage will inevitably lead to a wrong conclusion. The term “again” is also used in the following verse in reference to crucifying Christ “again”, yet that is no more likely to actually happen than it is for the apostate to have a genuine repentance “again”.

Why would it be impossible to renew them again to repentance? Because they have rejected the only means and object toward which repentance is due such that there remains no other option. If genuine Spirit-led repentance is God-ward and one rejects God, to whom shall repentance be made? To use our example of Esau again from Heb. 12:17, he was not given opportunity to repent, though he sought it with tears. His tears were not the hallmark of genuine repentance; if they had been then he would’ve found repentance. Similarly, Israel as a nation slid into apostasy, yet we see the repeated attempts to repent and return to the Lord. These attempts were not genuine as we read in Deuteronomy 1:45, “And you returned and wept before the Lord, but the Lord did not listen to your voice or give ear to you.” (Note again the Wilderness Generation)

As a side note, it is simply a misapplication of the passage to take the experiences mentioned here and apply it to our own knowledge of those who reject Christ and assume that theirs is a similar apostasy of finality. Not only is that a misapplication of the passage, but it strays from the passages intended meaning. It is not meant to be taken as a measuring stick of faithfulness, but as a warning to be personally heeded by all those who hear it. Once again, let us be reminded of the case of Peter and Judas, both were guilty of experiencing the blessing and association of our Lord, yet one returned and one didn’t. How faulty and self-righteous would it have been to have taken the warning from Hebrews 6 and applied it to Peter assuming that it would be impossible to renew him again to repentance. Peter was a living example of one who heeded the warning of Christ, recognized himself drifting away, and found repentance in the arms of a waiting Savior (Matt. 26:75; Luke 22:32).

What is your case dear reader? Is your life marked by open rejection of Christ, having presumed to walk with Him for so long? Perhaps you find your way on the road called Backslidden leading to the town of Apostasy. Heed the warnings of Hebrews and elsewhere in Scripture and find true repentance in the arms of a loving Father before it is too late and yours is an apostasy unto finality.

Concluding the thought of this passage we read of the egregious nature of those apostates in view, namely “crucifying again the Son of God.” Having rejected the person and work of Christ, they no longer have a claim to Christ’s death for them. Instead of the gloriousness of the cross in the provision of redemption from sin, the apostate denigrates the cross as a device of torture and punishment for blasphemy and yells out with the crowd, “Crucifying Him!” What once had been a shallow claim of “I am crucified with Christ” has turned to having “neither part nor lot in this matter”. Public renunciation of faith in Christ, whether by attitudes, actions, or words, makes a mockery of the Lord and His substitutionary sacrifice (Matt. 27:39-44). As we will see in Heb. 10:29 this rejection is a “profaning the blood of the covenant” and is in fact the unpardonable sin, “For it is impossible…to restore them again to repentance.”

Book Review: The Truth War

In finishing up our series on discernment, a book review on John MacArthur’s The Truth War: Fighting for Certainty in an Age of Deception, fits well with what we’ve been discussing.  Published in 2007, The Truth War is essentially an exposition of the Epistle of Jude while examining several of the current dangers invading the modern Church, specifically that of the Emerging Church movement.  Jude provides the thesis for his epistle in verse 3, “Beloved, although I was very eager to write to you about our common salvation, I found it necessary to write appealing to you to contend for the faith that was once delivered to the saints.”  It’s upon this theme that MacArthur builds The Truth War

Beginning in the Introduction, MacArthur details his intended target of Emerging Church apostates by identifying Rob Bell, his wife Kristen, Brian McLaren, and Tony Campolo.  Despite naming names, MacArthur really spends little focus on them, instead choosing to identify general dangers within the modern day Church.  The first of which, postmodernism, he addresses in chapter 1.  Providing first a brief sketch of modernity, which included the scientific and rationalistic thoughts of Darwinism, fascism, socialism, communism, and theological liberalism, he then proceeds to postmodernism, which he defines as suggesting “that if objective truth exists, it cannot be known objectively or with any degree of certainty.  That is because (according to postmodernists), the subjectivity of the human mind makes knowledge of objective truth impossible.

From there, MacArthur addresses the crux behind apostate teachers and heretics, namely spiritual warfare and why we must engage in the battle (chs. 2 & 3).  Chapter 4 centers around Jude 4 NKJV, “For certain men have crept in” to which he points out that the great danger to the Church today lies not from atheists and agnostics from the outside, but spiritual terrorists and saboteurs from within.  This is an interesting chapter from a historic perspective as it examines the impact made by the Judaizers of the Apostle Paul’s day to the Gnostics who crept in even before the previous apostates were expelled.  The problems in today’s Church, according to MacArthur, are not all to different from those of yester years as we too face modern day Gnosticism, examples which exist in the form of pseudo-Christian documents such as The Gospel of Thomas and The Gospel of Judas, best-selling novel and movie The Da Vinci Code and I would add to this list the best-selling novel The Shack.

Chapter 5 highlights the subtlety of heresy and provides encouragement for why we must remain vigilant in this battle.  He states, “The more aggressively something is marketed to Christians as the latest, greatest novelty, the less likely most evangelicals are to examine it critically.  After all, who wants to be constantly derided as a gatekeeper for orthodoxy in a postmodern culture?  Defending the faith is a role very few seem to want anymore.”  In this chapter MacArthur again probes the historical heresies of the Church by examining Sabellianism and Arianism.  Sabellianism, also know as modalism, claims God as three different “modes” of expression, believing that God “transforms Himself from one of these manifestations to another consecutively, as if changing costumes.”  Arianism is best described as an assault on the deity of Christ.  The Arians flatly denied that Jesus is eternal God incarnate.

“Apostate false teachers who remain in the Church and undermine true faith are often extremely subtle, but they are never harmless.  Heresy always breeds more evil, and the closer any lie comes to the heart of the Gospel, the more diabolical is the fruit it bears.”  With this statement, MacArthur cements the direction of chapter 6 as a discussion on how “error turns grace into licentiousness.”  In doing so, he states biblical evidence for God’s “zero tolerance” on false teachers, but also points out that as believers contending for the faith there is “a time to be tough; a time to be tender.”  I found it extremely helpful that in this chapter MacArthur points out, “the error Jude has in mind does not stem from some slight misunderstanding about a difficult text.  He is talking about heresy that is ultimately rooted in willful unbelief – a denial of ‘the only Lord God and our Lord Jesus Christ’ (Jude 4).  He has in mind an error that corrupts the essential character of the Gospel.  He is talking about damnable error.  He stresses that fact when he says the purveyors of such heresies are destined for condemnation.”  He concludes this chapter by highlighting Jude’s outline of 3 main characteristics of apostates, 1)Their character, in being ungodly 2)Their conduct, lewdness and turning the kindness of God into license for immoral conduct 3)Their creed, “denying the only Lord and God and our Lord Jesus Christ” though not open or blatantly.

Chapter 7 expounds on this third characteristics mentioned above, namely an Assault on Divine Authority: Christ’s Lordship Denied.  This chapter examines the transformation of evangelism into its current “mess.”  Here MacArthur highlights the PR-driven Church, namely marketing the church such as Rick Warren, runaway pragmatism and trivial pursuit specifically the evangelical obsession with pop culture, evangelical fad surfing in following whatever is the latest popular trend or current best seller, which included the Prayer of Jabez, The Purpose-Driven Life, and The Da Vinci Code.  Additionally “seeker-sensitive” methodologies have been employed using less emphasis on edification and more on entertainment (drama, music, comedy, and even forms of vaudeville).  Rounding out the list is the “no-lordship theology” which states that submission to Christ’s  lordship is an optional matter reducing all believers call to discipleship and hard demands of cross-bearing and self denial (Matthew 16:24, Mark 10:21, et. al) lending itself to the doctrine of “carnal Christians” which became popular in the mid-twentieth century and completely eliminated Church discipline.  Finally, accommodations to political correctness has contributed greatly to the transformation of evangelicalism.  Here “evangelicals willing to bend biblical truth to make Christianity seem more politically correct [but] are in effect denying Christ as true head of the Church.”

Finally in Chapter 8 John MacArthur describes how to survive in an age of apostasy by learning from history.  He states, “The Church today is quite possibly more susceptible to false teachers, doctrinal saboteurs, and spiritual terrorism than any other generation in Church history.  Biblical ignorance within the Church may well be deeper and more widespread than at any other time since the Protestant Reformation.”  MacArthur’s exposition of Jude concludes that our reaction and response to this apostasy should be to 1) Remember what was prophesied [about apostasy], i.e. God is sovereign 2) Remain faithful, committed to the truth 3) Reach out, to not only oppose false teachers but rescue those who have been led astray by them.  Worthy of reading too is the Appendix which is an adaptation from a previous book entitled Reckless Faith.

This is the first book I’ve read of MacArthur’s and it’s pretty solid.  I enjoy his preaching and this book follows suit.  He is not afraid to speak on his convictions and is relentless in his pursuit for truth.  The Truth War, like his sermons, is rich in Biblical quotations and was actually a derivative of his sermon series.  I appreciate that he is able to expound on Jude to the level of a Bible commentary yet weave into it some historical apostasy and even more modern attacks from the Emerging Church.  As I am now reading another of his books, I have began to discover that while MacArthur’s books have different titles, they maintain central themes in expositing Biblical truth while confronting harmful errors.  If you’re interested in understanding the heresies within evangelicalism from a historical perspective as they have transitioned into the postmodern Church, then The Truth War is a worthwhile read.

A purchase of The Truth War through the Amazon link below donates 4% of the total purchase to help support this ministry.

Discernment, Defiled

12 And to the angel of the church in Pergamum write: The words of him who has the sharp two-edged sword. 13 “’I know where you dwell, where Satan’s throne is. Yet you hold fast my name, and you did not deny my faith even in the days of Antipas my faithful witness, who was killed among you, where Satan dwells. 14 But I have a few things against you: you have some there who hold the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to put a stumbling block before the sons of Israel, so that they might eat food sacrificed to idols and practice sexual immorality. 15 So also you have some who hold the teaching of the Nicolaitans. 16 Therefore repent. If not, I will come to you soon and war against them with the sword of my mouth. 17 He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.  To the one who conquers I will give some of the hidden manna, and I will give him a white stone, with a new name written on the stone that no one knows except the one who receives it.’” Revelation 2:12-17

In picking back up our series on discernment (See: Discernment Now, Discernment Defined, Discernment Applied), which we paused while reviewing some things from the Desiring God conference, it seems logical to look next at the dangers of lacking discernment, specifically within the Church.  There is a sense today that is prevailing within the modern everyday church that accepts any and everything published, spoken, sung, or written with the label of “Christian”.  In fact, this lack of discernment is not something new, but instead is a prevailing attitude that dates back to biblical times.  The Apostle Paul faced this in Galatia, 6 I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel— 7 not that there is another one, but there are some who trouble you and want to distort the gospel of Christ.” (Galatians 1:6-7), in Colossae, “See to it that no one takes you captive by philosophy and empty deceit, according to human tradition, according to the elemental spirits of the world, and not according to Christ,” (Colossians 2:8) and warned of great apostasy within the Church as written in 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4 and 1 Timothy 4:1-3.  Just as it was in Paul’s day, so it was with Augustine, Luther, Calvin, the Puritans, Whitfield, Spurgeon, and this battle rages on among professing Christians to this day.  In fact, it was Spurgeon when faced with the “Downgrade Controversy” concerning the Church of England penned the following:

“We live in very singular times just now.  The professing Church has been flattering itself that, notwithstanding all our divisions with regard to doctrine, we are all right in the main.  A false and spurious liberality has been growing up which has covered us all, so that we have dreamed that all who bore the name of ministers were indeed God’s servants – that all who occupied pulpits, of whatever denominations they might be, were entitled to our respect, as being stewards, of the mystery of Christ.  But, lately, the weeds upon the surface of the stagnant pool have been a little stirred up and we have been enabled to look down into the depths.  This is a day of strife – a day of division – a time of war and fighting between professing Christians!  God be thanked for it!  Far better that it should be so than that the false calm shall any longer exert its fatal spell over us!”     

Charles Spurgeon was exhorting the true Christians of his day to stand up and fight against those who professing the name of Christ had invaded churches and pulpits and were preaching those things contrary to the Gospel.  Several hundred years before Spurgeon, John Calvin wrote, “A dog barks when his master is attacked. I would be a coward if I saw that God’s truth is attacked and yet would remain silent.”  The necessity to weed out those false teachers, writers, speakers, et.al has never been more necessary than today, because just as the Apostle Paul warned, apostasy will increase in latter days.  Yet despite the battles fought by faithful men in the past, today our discernment within the Church has become so lax that false teaching is rarely recognized, though more often embraced.  In his book The Truth War (review forthcoming), John MacArthur points out that “The Church today is quite possibly more susceptible to false teachers, doctrinal saboteurs, and spiritual terrorism than any other generation in Church history.  Biblical ignorance within the Church may well be deeper and more widespread than at any other time since the Protestant Reformation.”  He adds, “I am convinced that the greatest danger facing Christians today has infiltrated the Church already.  Countless false teachers already have prominent platforms in the evangelical movement; evangelicals themselves are loath to practice discernment or question or challenge anything taught within their movement; and many leading evangelicals have concluded no doctrine or point of theology is worth earnestly contending for.”  Our age of tolerance and acceptance has impacted Christianity to such extremes that to question or refute false teaching within the Church is to be considered antagonistic or divisive. 

Which leaves us with 2 options, 1) Become more spiritually discerning, such that those who defile Christ will be identified and removed thereby instituting Church discipline or 2) Face the warning of Peter, “For it is time for judgment to begin at the household of God; and if it begins with us, what will be the outcome for those who do not obey the gospel of God?” 1 Peter 4:17   I fear that we may instead face the latter and be joined with the likes of those at the Church of Pergamum mentioned above in the passage from Revelation

In this letter, which Jesus is instructing John to write, the church has compromised herself allowing heretical doctrines to invade.  In verse 14 we read of those in the church holding to the “teaching of Balaam”, or that which the King James Version calls the “doctrine of Balaam” which is synonymous with the “doctrine of the Nicolaitans” mentioned in verse 15.  John MacArthur identifies this teaching as the attempt of Balaam to prostitute his prophetic gift and curse Israel by having Moabite women seduce Israelite men into intermarriage resulting in a blasphemous union of Israel with fornication and idolatrous feasts.  Interestingly, Jude, who specifically addresses contending for the faith against apostasy and false teaching, mentions this attack of false doctrine promoted by Balaam in verse 11 of his epistle.

In his commentary, Matthew Henry makes the following observation of the Church at Pergamum and subsequently those churches of today that lack discernment and have fallen prey to false teaching, “1) The filthiness of the spirit and the filthiness of the flesh often go together. Corrupt doctrines and a corrupt worship often lead to a corrupt conversation.  2) It is very lawful to fix the name of the leaders of any heresy upon those who follow them. It is the shortest way of telling whom we mean.  3) To continue in communion with persons of corrupt principles and practices is displeasing to God, draws a guilt and blemish upon the whole society: they become partakers of other men’s sins.”  As Henry points out, corrupt doctrine, i.e. false teaching, infiltrates the Church in such a way that it corrupts not only teaching, but worship, and subsequently our interactions within the body.  Likewise, he asserts that we who sit under false teaching are held accountable and therefore wear the label of the heresy of the leaders we follow. 

Note again the warning of Jesus from the passage in Revelation, He is not singling out merely the leader of the Church, but the entire Church.  He rebukes them and threatens war against them with the sword of His tongue unless they repent.  Those that do he will absolve from guilt and restore communion.  Discernment is not something to be taken lightly; it’s serious business when the Word of God is defamed and false doctrine is allowed to cultivate and spread within the Church.  Not only are those that teach it held accountable, but those who sit under such teaching.  Lack of discernment defiles the Church body from within and when it goes unchallenged as MacArthur points out, “breeds more confusion and draws still more shallow and insincere people into the fold.”

Therefore as Christians we have an obligation to develop spiritual discernment within ourselves and within our congregations.  Even more so those in leadership positions have this responsibility as the Apostle Paul points out in Titus 1:9 to “hold firm to the trustworthy word as taught, so that he may be able to give instruction in sound doctrine and also to rebuke those who contradict it.”  Study the Word, devote yourself to it, “practice these things, immerse yourself in them, so that all may see your progress.  Keep a close watch on yourself and on the teaching. Persist in this, for by so doing you will save both yourself and your hearers.” 1 Timothy 4:15-16